The Trevi Fountain
The Trevi Fountain (Italian: Fontana di Trevi) is a fountain in the Trevi rione in Rome, Italy. Standing 25.9 meters (85 feet) high and 19.8 meters (65 feet) wide, it is the largest Baroque fountain in the city.
The present fountain. Commission, construction and design
In 1629 Pope Urban VIII, finding the earlier fountain insufficiently dramatic, asked Gian Lorenzo Bernini to sketch possible renovations, but when the Pope died, the project was abandoned. Bernini's lasting contribution was to resite the fountain from the other side of the square to face the Quirinal Palace (so the Pope could look down and enjoy it). Though Bernini's project was torn down for Salvi's fountain, there are many Bernini touches in the fountain as it was built. An early, striking and influential model by Pietro da Cortona, preserved in the Albertina, Vienna, also exists, as do various early 18th century sketches, most unsigned, as well as a project attributed to Nicola Michetti one attributed to Ferdinando Fuga and a French design by Edme Bouchardon.
Competitions had become the rage during the Baroque era to design buildings, fountains, and even the Spanish Steps. In 1730 Pope Clement XII organized a contest in which Nicola Salvi initially lost to Alessandro Galilei — but due to the outcry in Rome over the fact that a Florentine won, Salvi was awarded the commission anyway. Work began in 1732, and the fountain was completed in 1762, long after Clement's death, when Pietro Bracci's Oceanus (god of all water) was set in the central niche.
The asso di coppe
Salvi died in 1751, with his work half-finished, but before he went he made sure a stubborn barber's unsightly sign would not spoil the ensemble, hiding it behind a sculpted vase, called by Romans the asso di coppe, "the "Ace of Cups".
The Trevi Fountain was finished in 1762 by Giuseppe Pannini, who substituted the present allegories for planned sculptures of Agrippa and "Trivia", the Roman virgin.
A traditional legend holds that if visitors throw a coin into the fountain, they are ensured a return to Rome. Among those who are unaware that the "three coins" of Three Coins in the Fountain were thrown by three different individuals, a reported current interpretation is that two coins will lead to a new romance and three will ensure either a marriage or divorce. A reported current version of this legend is that it is lucky to throw three coins with one's right hand over one's left shoulder into the Trevi Fountain.
Approximately 3,000 euros are thrown into the fountain each day. The money has been used to subsidize a supermarket for Rome's needy. However, there are regular attempts to steal coins from the fountain.
La Fontana di Trevi
La Fontana di Trevi è la più grande ed una fra le più note Fontane di Roma; è considerata all'unanimità una delle più celebri fontane del mondo.
La settecentesca fontana, progettata da Nicolò Salvi, è un connubio di classicismo e barocco adagiato su un lato di Palazzo Poli.
Tema e scenografia
Il tema della scultura è il mare. La scenografia è dominata da un cocchio, a forma di conchiglia sul quale è adagiata la grande statua di Oceano di Pietro Bracci, affiancata nelle nicchie laterali dalle statue della Salubrità e dell'Abbondanza, opera di Filippo della Valle; il cocchio è trainato da cavallucci marini, a loro volta preceduti da tritoni. Nella fontana, scultura e architettura barocca si compenetrano e si fondono perfettamente, in un suggestivo spettacolo acquatico.
Una celebre tradizione vuole che porti fortuna lanciare una moneta nella fontana volgendole le spalle, perché in questo modo si tornerà sicuramente nella città. Le monete, raccolte quotidianamente, vengono destinate dal comune di Roma ad opere caritatevoli.
È stata profondamente restaurata nel 1998, quando è stata ripulita ed è stato ammodernato e sistemato anche l'impianto idraulico.
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